The role of occupational therapy in neurorehabilitation

The loss of some degree of mobility due to motor paralysis has a great impact on the affected person, who is prevented from performing activities of daily living. This often leads to a feeling of discouragement because of the belief that recovery is difficult or impossible.

But this is not the case. The options for comprehensive rehabilitation are manifold, and the medical specialty of occupational therapy has a lot to do with this. occupational therapy.

The Occupational Therapy Association of the United States emphasizes that this profession allows people of all ages to continue to participate in daily life, focusing on what they want and need to improve.

Faced with patients affected in their mobility by brain or spinal cord injuries, or neurodegenerativeor by neurodegenerative disorders or diseases, occupational therapists can occupational therapists and occupational occupational therapists and occupational therapy assistants focus on the things things needed in daily life.. This includes taking care of yourself and your family, working, volunteering, going to school, among many others.

The World Federation of Occupational Therapists stresses that it is a person-centered health profession, concerned with promoting health and well-being through occupation..

Occupational therapy services generally include:

  • A assessment to learn about history, life experiences and interests.
  • A intervention plan to improve the ability to perform daily activities and achieve goals.
  • A outcome evaluation to ensure that the objectives established with the occupational therapy professional are met.

All this is present in the TrainFES methodologymethodology, which relies on a team of occupational therapists trained to carry out these advances, hand in hand with the most advanced technologies available, as we will see below.

 

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Occupational therapy and neurorehabilitation

The neurological occupational therapy is a type or specialization within this branch, which concentrates on the treatment of people with injuries to their nervous system.

These pathologies of neurological origin have a great impact on the life of the affected person, his or her family and environment. For this reason, the work of therapy and accompaniment is fundamental to restore normality as far as possible with a treatment that responds to their needs, interests and motivations, through the realization of meaningful and purposeful activities. purposeful and meaningful activities.

According to the Euroinnova FoundationNeurological occupational therapy is in charge of functions such as:

  • Study and assessment of the patient, to determine the cause and consequences of the neurological injury.
  • Neurological rehabilitation through workshops and activities. 
  • Maintenance of rehabilitation over time.
  • Improved mobility and muscle tone of individuals.
  • Obtaining autonomy in daily tasks: hygiene, nutrition, clothing.
  • Work to bring the response to certain stimuli back into being.

occupational therapy

Occupational therapy and independence

A pillar for towards the independence of patients of patients affected by neurological lesions lies in the comprehensive comprehensive rehabilitationdefined as the set of actions and measures aimed at achieving the highest degree of participation and ability to perform one or more essential activities of daily living.

The rehabilitation of persons with motor paralysis will aim to help them develop to the develop their capacities and aptitudes to the maximumwith the following objectives:

  • Provide or restore functions.
  • Compensate for the loss or lack of a function or functional limitation.
  • To develop behaviors, attitudes and skills that allow labor and educational inclusion.
  • Interact with the economic, social, political or cultural environment that may aggravate or mitigate the impairment in question.

The goal of treatment is to achieve or regain the ability to live independently. capacity for independent livingwhich is the state that allows a person to make decisions, perform acts autonomously and participate actively in the community, in exercise of the right to free development of the personality.

The occupational therapy focuses precisely on the activities that the person wants and needs to do in his or her daily life.

How occupational therapy helps in the face of stroke

A study analyzed the contribution of occupational occupational therapy for independence in activities of daily living in a person affected by a cerebrovascular accident (CVA).

The review of 36 articles concluded that occupational therapy can increase independence in such persons, or at least obtain satisfaction, thanks to adequate rehabilitation.

From paralysis to movement

TrainFES has a unique unique rehabilitation methodologynot only stands out for its technology to enable the use of functional electrostimulation at home, but also for its personalized training plans, with the permanent support of a team of occupational therapists therapists play a fundamental role.

One of the technologies offered by TrainFES offers is the use of a functional electrostimulation device (FESwhich applies painless electrical charges to a paralyzed or weak muscle to generate coordinated contractions. This makes it possible to execute functional movement patterns and promote motor relearning.

In addition to these innovations permanent accompaniment by occupational therapists occupational therapists, trained in the use of functional electrostimulation and other technologies, such as biofeedback sensors and applications that allow them to guide, through the smarthpones, the activitiessuch as biofeedback sensors and applications that allow them to guide, through the smarthpones, the activities that will promote recovery.

"I do it all now."

One of the outstanding cases of the TrainFES methodology is Óscar Aldaywho lost the mobility of his right arm and leg after suffering a stroke in 2018. And despite the fact that he started his process only this year, he has gradually returned to move and walk.

"I had paralysis on my entire right side. I thought I wasn't going to walk because it had been so long since the stroke, but I've noticed the stamina I have when I stand. It gave me a new opportunity to walk and to feel that I was useful again, with independence. again, with independence. I made progress and now I do everything"she says.

"I can get out."

The therapy, which requires the commitment and perseverance of the users, has improved the lives of thousands of people. Among them is Camilo Valdebenito (59 years old), who suffered an ischemic stroke in 2017, which caused hemiparesis on his left side.

Thanks to occupational therapy and the team that also includes physiatrists, kinesiologists and psychologists, among others.among others, he took advantage of the TrainFES system to maintain a continuity that gave him the best results.

"I dress by myself, I bathe by myself, I eat by myself, I do everything by myself. I can go out of my house I can go shopping, I can go to the bank, I can go anywhere now," says Camilo, who has even reentered the working world with a business venture.

TrainFES is a neurorehabilitation methodology that combines daily training with innovative technologies to obtain the best therapeutic results in less time thanks to the continuity of the treatment. the best therapeutic results in less time thanks to the continuity of the treatment.. Thousands of people have improved thanks to this option, which, by restoring mobility, contributes to independence and thus to quality of life.

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