The difficulty or inability to perform daily activities due to a neurological disorder or neurodegenerative disease changes the life of the affected person and his or her environment. And while for a long time the recovery options were complicated, technological and medical advances now open up more possibilities for comprehensive rehabilitation.
Hand in hand with the innovations is the expansion of knowledge regarding neuroplasticitywhich is the capacity of the cerebral cortex to activate previously silent neuronal circuits, so that they become functional and resume lost activity.
The neurorehabilitation has evolved in the last two decades thanks to the incorporation of computerized and robotized electronic devices, whose purpose is to stimulate the processes of neuroplasticity.
Electrotherapy, functional electrical stimulation or transcranial magnetic stimulation, upper limb robotic orthoses, lower limb training robots and neuroprostheses, among others, seek to take advantage of the preserved functional neuromuscular structures, so that these can compensate or relearn the functions of the lower limbs. compensate or relearn the functions previously performed by the damaged areas.
In addition, the new analysis strategies In addition, new analysis strategies, smaller and faster processors, advances in image quality and new inertial sensors make it possible to interact in a new way with the central nervous system.
The rehabilitation and assistive technology refers to tools, equipment, or products that can help people with disabilities to successfully complete daily activities and successfully complete daily activities, as well asas well as facilitate their care.
Rehabilitation technology can help to restore or improve functionality in people who have developed a disability due to illness, injury or aging.
Rehabilitation and assistive technology can enable people:
The transcranial direct current stimulation (TDCSinvolves the application of a mild electrical current that travels through the skull and stimulates the brain. travels through the skull and stimulates the brain.. This can help to regain movement in patients recovering from stroke or other conditions.
The transcranial direct current stimulation stimulates the brain in a non-invasive way, with neuromodulatory effects.
Several studies have demonstrated the efficacy of TDCS for improve language recovery in post-stroke aphasia in post-stroke aphasia.
One of them conducted an analysis of the effect of its application on language performance, and concluded that it is effective for the effective for the rehabilitation of post-stroke aphasia post-stroke aphasia in the chronic stages.
Another study investigated the effect of transcranial direct current stimulation as an adjunct to complement to speech therapyconcluding that tDCS is a technique that can help improve language deficits. help improve language deficits in people with aphasia of people with aphasia, and that it is advisable to perform it in line with phonoaudiology.
The virtual reality is a useful tool with the capacity to intervene in motor rehabilitation.
Because it can simulate everyday tasks, virtual reality can be virtual reality allows patients to practice everyday movements and improve functional recoverythrough environments and activities that take into account their goals.
The software can provide visual feedback to the patient and therapist during specific activities, allowing treatment plans to be customized as needed.
And although the use of virtual reality in the treatment of people with motor paralysis is recent, studies suggest that, by allowing the simulated practice of functional tasks with a much higher frequency than traditional therapies, can be added to the technology of functional electrostimulation to assist in post-surgery rehabilitation to assist in post-stroke rehabilitation.
The functional electrostimulation (FESis a therapeutic technique that uses electrical currents to stimulate nerves and muscles to restore or improve motor function. restore or improve motor function in patients with various neurological and muscular conditions.
It is applied in situations where there is an alteration in the communication between the nervous system and the muscles, with the objective of improve sequelae related to muscle weakness, lack of coordination and loss of mobility.
With more than 20 years of evidence worldwide, FES seeks to retrain neurons to generate functional movementssuch as bipedalism, walking, improved reaching, grasping or swallowing.
TrainFES has the best technology for the application of functional electrostimulationcomplemented by a multidisciplinary multidisciplinary team Physiatrists, kinesiologists, occupational therapists and speech therapists, among others, to define and monitor the neurorehabilitation treatment.
The telerehabilitation is a process that allows the continuation of a physical physical therapy at home with the remote guidance of an expert professional and the support of different types of technologies.
Thanks to it, people undergoing physical therapy can continue the process without having to without the need to relocate. It also favors the continuity of treatmenttreatment, making it easier and more effective, which allows you to guarantee the same or even better the same, or even better, results thanthan attending a therapeutic center.
For successful successful telerehabilitationespecially in the case of patients requiring functional electrostimulation, it is essential to have the right technological equipment that is useful, effective, easy to use equipment that is useful, effective, easy to use and intuitive.
TrainFES has a digital therapy program that includes personalized professional counseling and clinical evaluations, in addition to the technologies capable of delivering functional electrostimulation in the patient's home.
In the devices provided by TrainFESprovides, intelligent sensors and electrical stimulation are combined to activate the neuroplasticity. In addition, the telerehabilitation method incorporates biofeedback principles to measure different physiological responses to certain stimuli and help people gain better control over themselves.
The system has a cloud-based platform that connects to patients' smartphones through an application that automatically configures them, according to their personalized protocol.
In this way, TrainFES enables patients to receive therapy on a more frequent basiseven on a daily basis. The results are accelerated and the patient's self-esteem increases, as they feel they are an active part of their rehabilitation process and not just a passive recipient of therapy.
Covid-19 has brought serious respiratory complications to those infected. However, treatment with TrainFES can significantly improve their recovery.
A study that analyzed the use of virtual reality for rehabilitation highlights its practical application as a therapy after cerebrovascular accidents (CVA), which often cause impairments in movement, cognitive and sensory functions.
Cases of motor paralysis resulting from neurological disorders or neurodegenerative diseases require appropriate treatment. For this purpose, the role of kinesiology professionals, who have techniques such as functional electrostimulation to enhance rehabilitation, is essential.