A cerebrovascular accident (CVA), spinal cord injury (SCI), cerebral palsy (CP) or cranial encephalopathy (CTE) affects not only the movement and independence of the sufferer, but also his or her ability to speak, communicate, and even perform essential functions such as swallowing.
These sequelae, which are related to communication and swallowingcan be treated with phonoaudiologya medical discipline (health area discipline) that focuses on the promotion, prevention, diagnosis, rehabilitation in these areas.
This specialty focuses on improving the health and quality of life of people, although it can also cover the artistic field and education, treat people with alterations of the language, voice, speech, hearing, vestibular system, orofacial motor and swallowing in an integral way.
What disorders can a speech-language pathologist treat?
Communication and swallowing disorders can be associated with various neurological disorders, and are common in some disorders such as stroke. One such disorder is dysphagia dysphagia, i.e., difficulty swallowing..
According to Mayo Clinicaccording to Mayo Clinic, people suffering from this condition need more time and effort to move food, liquids and/or medications from the mouth to the stomach, which causes pain and, in some cases, the inability to swallow.
The dysphagia can be a serious conditionand therefore requires treatment. It can significantly affect the nutritional status of the person, in addition to contributing to a poor prognosis in terms of morbidity and functional recovery due to the complications it entails, significantly affecting the person's quality of life.
The aphasia is a disorder that affects the way in which a person communicates, his or her speechspeech, and the and the way he/she writes and understands written and spoken language.
Mayo Clinic notes that it usually occurs after a stroke, a head injury such as head trauma. It can also occur because of a slowly developing brain tumor or a disease that causes progressive and permanent damage (such as a neurodegenerative disease).
At impairing communicationcommunication, aphasia affects personal and social developmentThe consequences of aphasia can affect all daily activities, from work, interpersonal relationships or activities of daily living.
The difficulty expressing wants and needs can lead to embarrassment, frustration can lead to embarrassment, frustration, isolation and depression, among other problems associated with memory and reasoning.
The dysarthria occurs when the person cannot control the muscles of the face, mouth, throat, and those involved in breathing well, making it difficult to speak clearly. This may mean that your speech becomes slurred or slow, or that your voice sounds flat or strange, foreign to your personality.
On the other hand, the apraxia of speech occurs when the muscles of the face, mouth or larynx cannot move with the necessary order and coordination when expressing oneself verbally. This makes it difficult for others to understand what is being said, or simply cannot communicate verbally.
Cerebral palsy (CP) is a disorder that affects a person's movement, posture and coordination, caused by an injury or abnormality in the brain while it is still developing. While it is usually associated with motor disabilities, in more severe cases it can affect communication, cognition and sensory function.
According to the European University of Valenciathe language is essential in the psychological and integral development of people with cerebral palsy, and details the main difficulties they may have when communicating:
The amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a progressive neurodegenerative disease that mainly affects nerve cells, called motor neurons, responsible for controlling voluntary muscles.
It is characterized by the degeneration degeneration and death of motor neurons in both the brain (upper) and spinal cord (lower). in both the brain (upper) and spinal cord (lower) and causes progressive muscle weakness and atrophy, which hinders the person's ability to move, speak, swallow and eventually breathe.
To treat these effects, the work of speech-language pathologists is crucial. phonoaudiologistswho evaluate the level of the condition to work on speech and communication optimization and implement strategies and dietary modifications to ensure safe and efficient swallowing, among other measures. In addition, it is a work of accompaniment and follow-up in order to prevent comorbidities that may mean a greater functional deterioration.
The speech therapists are important part of the team of professionals at TrainFESteam, which is also made up of kinesiologists, physiatrists and occupational therapistsThe aim is to offer the patient with sequelae of neurological disorders the best alternative of integral rehabilitation.
The neuroplasticitywhich is the potential of the nervous system to modify itself and form connections in response to new information, can help recover impaired or lost functions.
A person with sequelae such as loss of swallowing ability requires speech therapy. phonoaudiological therapy that involves sensory and motor re-education, and there are systems that can help to make this process more effective and faster.
The functional electrostimulation (FESis one of the pillars of TrainFES. pillars of TrainFES, and has proven to be a valuable tool for the therapy of diagnoses related to communication and swallowing problems, since it allows neuromuscular training in less time.
Among the benefits it provides are:
One of the main advantages of TrainFES compared to other treatments is to obtain better results in a shorter time.
Your electrostimulation electrostimulation device provides motor support that facilitates the performance of various functional exercises and functional exercises and swallowing maneuvers. They also have a biofeedback system through an inertial movement sensor, which gives the patient a better understanding of the rehabilitative mechanisms of their own swallowing.
The TrainFES methodology methodology consists of functional training, technology and permanent support to enable the neuronal relearning of lost movements. In addition, it has a team of speech therapists to lead this rehabilitation in terms of oral and written language.
The permanent accompaniment of professionals enables rehabilitation in patients with disorders such as aphasia, dysarthria, dysphagia, apraxia, among others, to improve communication skills and thus the quality of life of those who trust in TrainFES.
These two physical activities can be great allies in the recovery of patients with mobility problems. How can they help? We tell you in the following blog.
A person with paralysis or difficulty moving is affected in the performance of activities of daily living, which can range from transferring to feeding or going to the bathroom independently, which in addition to the physical sequelae can bring psychological problems and mood disorders.
In addition to physical therapy, the best potential can be realised with the help of various interdisciplinary therapies.