How to recover mobility of people with paraplegia and tetraplegia

A spinal cord injury (SCI) involves damage to any part of the spinal cord or the nerves at the end of the spinal canal, and often causes damage to body functions below the injury site.

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The ability to control the limbs after a spinal cord injury is referred to as the neurological level of injury. On the other hand, the severity of the injury is referred to as "completeness", and is classified as follows:

  • Complete: If all sensation (sensory function) and the ability to control movement (motor function) are lost below the spinal cord injury.
  • Incomplete: if the affected person maintains some motor or sensory activity below the affected area.
  • Discomplete: is a classification recently adopted for lesions that behave as complete, but in which the medulla is not completely severed. completelyThere is a possibility of partial recovery of functionality.

Paraplegia and tetraplegia

Spinal cord injury spinal cord can affect the spinal cord or damage the vertebrae or spinal nerves.

The highest percentage of spinal cord injuries are the result of automobile accidents, sports injuries, falls and assaults. Depending on the area affected, it can produce different types of paralysis in the sufferer: 

  • Paraplegia: When it affects all or part of the trunk, legs and pelvic organs.
  • Quadriplegia: also known as quadriplegia, affects the entire body from the neck down.

Paraplegia

The paraplegia is the symptom of paralysis that primarily affects the legsIt can sometimes involve the lower part of the body and also some of the arms' abilities.

There are two classifications for this condition, depending on the degree of paralysis.

  • Complete: means a total loss of function, including sensory and motor ability, or control functions such as bladder and sphincter continence.
  • Incomplete: implies a partial partial loss of function, so you may still be able to feel or move parts of the body below the injury.

In addition, it can be flaccid (the muscles do not work at all) or spastic (muscles do not work and contract uncontrollably).

Tetraplegia

Also known as quadriplegia, quadriplegia, tetraplegia tetraplegia is a symptom of paralysis that affects all limbs and the body from the neck from the neck down.

It is the most common symptom of traumatic spinal cord injury and occurs in approximately 60% of cases.

There are also two main ways in which quadriplegia can occur.

Incomplete: blocks the passage of some signalsbut not all. The person may still have some ability to move, have sensation or control bodily processes (bowel and bladder function).

Complete: by blocking the passage of all signals, the person loses muscle controlThe person loses muscle control, sensitivity and automatic processes that depend on brain signals.

As in the case of paraplegia, in terms of damage to the muscles it can be flaccid (not functioning at all) or spastic (they contract uncontrollably).

Experience in the service of rehabilitation

The prognosis for recovery from spinal cord injuryvaries according to the site of the injury, and the probabilities are greater when the paralysis is partial. Studies have shown that rehabilitation, in conventional therapies, is possible up to one year after the injury.

However, TrainFES thanks to its methodology - which includes technological innovation plus an interdisciplinary team of experts - makes it possible to treat cases after allows cases to be treated after one year with successful results, as we will see below.as we will see below.

A global rehabilitation optimizes and evaluates the treatment indicated for each person according to the spinal cord injury he/she presents, with a program that includes:

  • Evaluation with a physiatrist.
  • Evaluation with neurorehabilitation kinesiologist.
  • Pelvic floor evaluation.
  • Follow-up sessions of neurological kinesiology, pelvic floor and occupational therapy.
  • Rehabilitation counseling, with the objective of providing support and optimizing the process.

Constant monitoring and assistance on the application and usability of the equipment are made possible, in addition to the face-to-face training sessions, thanks to the telerehabilitation offered by TrainFES. This allows the use of the FES device and the TrainFES Rehab app from anywhere, with constant monitoring by our health professionals.

The contribution of functional electrostimulation

The functional electrostimulation (FESis a therapeutic technique that uses electrical currents to activate nerves and muscles. electrical currents to activate nerves and muscleswith the goal of restoring or improving motor function.

Its use, accompanied by adequate and adequate and constant training, plusinnovation and technology, allows to enhance neuroplasticity and neuroplasticitywhich is the capacity of the nervous system to modify itself and form connections in response to new information, making rehabilitation possible.

TrainFES is the best option for functional electrostimulation in Chile, as it has its own device for the application of these low level currents.

The program not only uses this advanced FES systemThe program not only uses this advanced FES system, but also adds a training methodology that can be done in specially enabled centers, such as TrainFES Center, or at home, thanks to innovations that allow the user to be permanently accompanied by professionals, either in person or virtually.

Studies show that the FESas part of a comprehensive treatment process, benefits in patients affected by spinal cord injury, by contributing to the restoration of motor function and mobility.by contributing to the restoration of motor function and mobility.

paraplegia and tetraplegia

To walk again, to live again

Camila Zúñiga had an accident in a swimming pool in 2013, when she was 16 years old, which left her with the inability to move her arms and legsand a lapidary diagnosis.

"The doctors told me that I was never going to walk againI wasn't going to be able to be independent, I was going to be prostrate and I wasn't going to be able to move my arms," she recalls.

In 2021 he met TrainFES and, after rigorous training with the support of professionals, he increased the strength of his muscles, reduced his spasticity, began to stand up with electrostimulation and advanced to the point where he was able to move around.

"I am becoming more and more independent and making progress in walking and I am happy for all I have I am happy for all that I have achieved and all that I have advanced.. My world is full of hope," she says.

Ignacia Poblete15, suffered a spinal cord injury after fracturing her spine in an accident, resulting in paraplegia. paraplegiawith loss of mobility and sensibility in both legs.

The doctors told her that she would be at least eight months to a year without being able to move, but she could not move. Ignacia did not resign herself and kept looking for a new way to rehabilitate herself, until she came to TrainFES.

"The moment I used the FES device for the first time was magical.I could move my leg, my quadriceps was activated, I could move my ankle. From that moment on, I started to notice progress, and now I can walk on my own. I started to notice progress, and now I can walk on my own," she says."she emphasizes.

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With its personalized training plans, the permanent accompaniment of a multidisciplinary team of specialists in kinesiology, physiatry, occupational therapy, speech therapy and psychology, TrainFES has improved the lives of thousands of people, TrainFES has improved the lives of thousands of people who were able to recover lost movements and return to perform daily tasks.

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