Functional electrostimulation in neurorehabilitation

Neurorehabilitation is a therapeutic process that seeks to collaborate in the recovery of a nervous system injury, with the objective of compensating or minimizing the functional alterations of the patients who suffer them in order to promote their functional independence and improve their quality of life.

TRAINFES offers a neurorehabilitation service using functional electrostimulation technology for people with motor paralysis, giving them the opportunity to develop a daily training to obtain better results.

What is neurorehabilitation?

Why not rehabilitation but neurorehabilitation? The former is defined by the SMD manual as the care received to recover or maintain the abilities required to functionally develop daily life.

On the other hand, neurorehabilitation is focused on the recovery of neurological injuries, generally topatients suffering from spinal cord injury (SCI), whether traumatic injury or arterial thrombosis. For this, it is essential to know the concept of neuroplasticity.

The concept of brain neuroplasticity

The brain neuroplasticity refers to the ability of neurons to adapt and relearn the functions of other adapt and relearn functions of other neurons that have been lost or that have been lost or damaged due to injury.

For a long time, it was thought that the adult brain was inflexible. the adult brain was thought to be inflexible. Brain lesions were considered to be static and the brain a rigid structure. lesions were considered static and the brain a rigid structure. Paul Bach-y-Rita, in the middle of the 20th century, was the first to propose the concept of sensory substitution to treat patients with neurological lesions, often caused by neurological problems. He proposed that healthy areas of the brain can take over functions previously performed by neural tissue lost, for example, due to injury.

The role of neuroplasticity in neurorehabilitation

Plasticity is not the same throughout life. Compared to early neurodevelopment (in the first stages of life), in adulthood this brain faculty is partially compromised. 

Remodeling of the brain is maintained throughout the life cycle and is fundamental in neurorehabilitation.It allows for relearning and behavioral adjustments to occur in cases of injury or disease.

Today we know that, thanks to neuroplasticity, neurorehabilitation can achieve important advances. New neurorehabilitation techniques can stimulate rehabilitation and accelerate the progress of therapies for nervous system injuries through electrical stimulation and pharmacological improvements. Previously, with existing notions of brain function, this was unthinkable.

Neurorehabilitation: What diagnoses can be treated?

Current neurorehabilitation programs offer therapies that mix different specialists, drugs and therapies different specialists, drugs and therapies in a scientific branch that is constantly being studied. It is a team work that includes pelvic floor kinesiologists, occupational therapists, orthopedists, psychologists, speech therapists and other professionals that help patients in the process of their therapies.

One example of these neurorehabilitation therapies based on neuroplasticity is the functional electrostimulationused as an adjunct in training for neurological pathologies with motor disorder of the spinal cord and pathologies of the cerebral cortex..

 

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How functional electrostimulation works

Through the use of this electrostimulation technology, the second motor neuron activates the paralyzed musculature of the patient, so that a functional movement is generated in accordance with the explicit intention of the user. This encourages the relearning of healthy neurons, ie, the brain to use its neuroplasticity.

In order to understand what this type of neurorehabilitation training is all about, we talk about brain-machineThese are constructions of electrodes that translate and decode information from the nervous system, seeking to generate functional results. This type of neuronal interfaces contains four main components:

  • a method for extracting signals from the nervous system
  • a method for extracting the signals (and thus predicting the patient's intent)
  • a way out
  • a feedback system

Decoding systems function even when individual neurons encode motor behavior poorly.

Neurorehabilitation using this type of electrostimulation combines, on the one hand, target-oriented tasks with expected results and, in parallel, work to activate activate the injured circuits, which ultimately aims to create plasticity that allows for lasting improvements.

For this reason, we know that chronic neurological injury patients may not be at a static level of functioning as previously thought. It is no longer considered that the onset of recovery as determining the highest peaks of advancement or improvement..

Neurorehabilitation with Functional Electrostimulation technology.

Learn about TrainFES neurorehabilitation technology.

Therapies with electrostimulation are improving day by day and today there are even telerehabilitation, an alternative of access to a more constant therapy for the patient who finds it difficult to travel to the metropolitan region, either for family support and/or logistics of transfer to the on-site center. It is also an option for those who prefer the comfort of home accompanied by their support network to be able to continue working or studying. In this way, it makes the patients' daily life as comfortable as possible and, at the same time, it makes up to ten times more effective therapies than with previously known conventional methods.

TrainFES offers this rehabilitation technology through functional electrostimulation in the following modalities telerehabilitation, rehabilitation gym and even an application application for your cell phone or tablet that can be configured and from which patients can train.

In addition, researchers continue to develop methods to improve the lives of patients who have suffered motor injuries on a daily basis, and with new methods and methodologies, neuronal recoveries are becoming more feasible every day. 

Neurorehabilitation takes advantage of new knowledge and notions about neuroplasticity, which undoubtedly improves the prognosis and the progress that patients can achieve, providing them with greater tools and possibilities than normal rehabilitation.

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