Treatment options and benefits of complete spinal cord injury treatment

Loss of sensation, muscle strength and intestinal, liver and sexual functions are some of the sequelae of spinal cord injury (SCI), which involves damage to any part of the spinal cord or to the nerves at the end of the spinal canal.

Mostly caused by automobile accidents, falls, assaults or sports injuries, a spinal cord injury can result from spinal cord injury prevents incoming and outgoing messages between the brain and the rest of the body, which affects basic affecting basic bodily functions functions of the body located below the below the injury site.

By causing muscle paralysis, spinal cord spinal cord injury affects the physical, psychological and social well-being of the patient, in addition to compromising his or her independence, which extends to the family environment that must assume his or her care.

 

New Call-to-action

 

Types of spinal cord injury

The lowest part of the spinal cord that remains intact after an injury is known as the neurological level, and according to its severity it is classified into complete and incomplete spinal cord injury. complete and incomplete. While both have similar causes and symptoms, there are some key differences:

  • Complete: Yes all the sensation y ability to control movement are lost below the below the spinal cord injury. People who suffer a complete spinal cord injury lose all sensation and function connected to the nerves. Therefore, the higher up the spinal cord an injury occurs, the more severe the symptoms tend to be.
  • Incomplete: If some motor or sensory some motor or sensory activity is maintained below the affected area. below the affected area. This means that a person with incomplete spinal cord injury may still retain some function and sensation below the injury site.

Depending on the functionality lost in the arms and legs and their extent, the spinal cord injury may result in:

  • Tetraplegiais the loss or decrease of sensibility and/or voluntary mobility of the upper and lower extremities and of the whole trunk. upper and lower extremities and of the whole trunk, due to a spinal cord injury at theas a result of a spinal cord injury at the cervical level. This means that the arms, hands, trunk, legs and pelvic organs are affected.
  • Paraplegiamanifested by a lack of sensation and/or total or partial paralysis of the lower extremities and part of the trunk. lower extremities and of the sublesional part of the trunk, generated by a sublesional, generated by a damage at the thoracic and lumbar level. It affects all or part of the trunk, legs and pelvic organs.

Sequelae of complete spinal cord injury

There are similarities between a complete and an incomplete spinal cord injury. The main ones are that they share many of the same causes, they affect body function at and below the injury site, and the therapy options are often similar.

However, the key difference key difference is the level of limitation they impose when both occur in the same part of the column. And the complete spinal cord injury is usually more limiting.

For those who suffer a complete complete spinal cord spinal cord injury, all sensationsensation, along with the ability to move, is completely lost below the below the site of injury.

However, the complete nature of the injury does not eliminate the possibility of some recovery.

In addition, medical management and advances in research make it possible for complete lesions to be complete spinal cord spinal cord injuries are decreasingto the point that complete tetraplegia and complete paraplegia represent the represent less than 30% of spinal cord of spinal cord injuries.

Spinal cord injuries may result in one or more of the following sequelae:

  • Loss of movement.
  • Loss or alteration of sensation, including the ability to feel heat, cold and touch.
  • Loss of bowel or bladder control.
  • Exaggerated reflex activities or spasms.
  • Changes in sexual function, sexual sensitivity and fertility.
  • Pain or intense stinging sensation caused by damage to the nerve fibers of the spinal cord.
  • Difficulty breathing, coughing or clearing secretions from the lungs.

Rehabilitation after a complete spinal cord injury

Recovery from a complete spinal cord injury will depend on the medical care and rehabilitation the patient receives. 

The sooner treatments to strengthen muscles below the level of the spinal cord injury are implemented, the better the prognosis. Evidence shows that the first year of recovery is the most difficult, as the patient is just beginning to adapt to his or her condition. 

Kinesiology and occupational therapy during this time are fundamental are essential for recovery, the firstThe first advances are usually observed in the first two years after the injury.

Therapy to pursue recovery after a complete spinal cord injury includes:

  • Physiotherapy to strengthen the damaged area
  • Physical support adapted to the patient's limitations.
  • Emotional support and accompaniment to encourage you to continue working on your recovery.
  • Support with lifestyle changes.
  • Help finding new activities to promote mental health.

 

The TrainFES experience

A global rehabilitation evaluates the treatment indicated for each person according to the spinal cord injury he/she presents. For this purpose, TrainFES has a multidisciplinary multidisciplinary team of professionals made up of physiatrists, kinesiologists, occupational therapists and psychologists, among others, who are essential to determine the program and accompany the patient throughout the process.

Users will be provided with:

  • Evaluation with a physiatrist.
  • Evaluation with neurorehabilitation kinesiologist.
  • Pelvic floor kinesiology evaluation.
  • Follow-up sessions of neurological kinesiology, pelvic floor and occupational therapy.
  • Rehabilitation counselling with the aim of supporting and optimising the overall rehabilitation process of each user.
  • Constant support and assistance on the application and usability of the equipment, as well as training sessions.

TrainFES has the most advanced technology of functional electrostimulation (FES), a non-invasive and painless technique that is applied in situations where there is an alteration in the communication between the nervous system and the muscles, that is, where the paralysis has a neurological origin.

complete spinal cord injury

The use of this technology, in conjunction with the training program of TrainFEStraining program, allows to enhance neuroplasticitywhich is the capacity of the nervous system to modify itself and form connections in response to new information, making possible the rehabilitation rehabilitation of people with this type of injury.

The experience in neurorehabilitation of the professionals TrainFES professionals make their methodology the best option for those who have lost mobility due to a spinal cord injury, thanks to technology, medical support and the facilities for users to complete the training with the objective of improve their quality of life.

New Call-to-action

I want more information


    Recommended Publications

    What is aphasia and how can it be treated?
    08-09-2023

    What is aphasia and how can it be treated?

    The consequences of a cerebrovascular accident (CVA) often change the lives of those who suffer it, with sequelae ranging from motor paralysis to the loss of the ability to understand or express language, i.e., to communicate.

    What is an ischemic stroke? Sequelae and rehabilitation options
    05-10-2023

    What is an ischemic stroke? Sequelae and rehabilitation options

    Every October 29 is World Stroke Prevention Day, a date set to raise awareness of the importance of knowing about this medical emergency which, if not treated in time, can cause sequelae ranging from motor paralysis to death.

    Dropfoot orthoses - what are the alternatives?
    09-03-2021

    Dropfoot orthoses - what are the alternatives?

    Drop foot is a very common gait difficulty in people who have survived a cerebrovascular accident (CVA).