The benefits of TrainFES for the management of multiple sclerosis

Muscle weakness, balance and coordination problems, and difficulty walking are some of the symptoms of multiple sclerosis (MS), a disease of the central nervous system (consisting of the brain and spinal cord) that can lead to disability.

It is a pathology neurodegenerative disease in which the immune system attacks the myelin, the protective sheath that covers nerve fibers, causing problems in the communication between the brain, muscles and the rest of the body. communication problems between the brain, muscles and the rest of the body.. Over time, it can lead to permanent deterioration or damage of nerve fibers.

The multiple sclerosis affects more women than men, and is most commonly diagnosed between the ages of 20 and 40, although it can be seen at any age.

Currently, the cause of multiple sclerosis is not known with certainty. The most common belief is that it is caused by viruses, a genetic defect or both. Environmental factors may also play a role.

 

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Main symptoms 

The signs and symptoms and symptoms of multiple sclerosis vary widely in different patients and depend on the location and severity of the disease. location and severity of fiber damage in the central nervous system. Some people in advanced stages of the disease may lose the ability to walk unassisted or completely.

The degradation of myelin and the resulting scarring disrupts normal communication between nerve cells. normal communication between nerve cellswhich can cause a wide variety of wide variety of symptoms such as muscle weakness or stiffness, numbness, pain, vision problems, cognitive difficulties, and bladder and/or bowel problems.

The attacks are followed by remissionswhich are periods in which there is a reduction or disappearance of symptoms. Episodes may last days, weeks or months. In most cases, there are alternating periods of relative good health with lapses of worsening symptoms but, over time, MS gradually worsens.

Treatment options for multiple sclerosis

So far there is no known cure for multiple sclerosis, but there are treatments that can slow the progression of the disease. treatments that can slow the progression of the disease. The goal is to halt its progression, control symptoms and help the person maintain a normal quality of life. normal quality of life..

Medications are often taken for a prolonged period of time and include steroids to lessen the severity of attacks and drugs to control muscle spasms, urinary problems, fatigue or mood problems.

Other options to treat the symptoms of the pathology are:

  • Physical therapy, speech therapy, occupational therapy and support groups.
  • A planned exercise program early in the process of the disorder.
  • A healthy lifestyle, with good nutrition, sufficient rest and relaxation.
  • Assistive devices such as wheelchairs, bed lifts, bath chairs, walkers, and wall bars.

The contribution of functional electrostimulation

The functional electrostimulation (FESis a rehabilitation technique rehabilitation technique that uses mild electrical currents to stimulate muscles and generate contractions in people with pathologies such as multiple sclerosis.

FES can help patients to recover lost or impaired movement and motor lost or impaired, as well as being useful in the management of symptoms such as muscle weakness, fatigue and spasticity.

Depending on the stage of the disease, functional electrostimulation can help: 

  • Regulating spasticity.
  • Improve and maintain balance and coordination.
  • Strengthening and preserving muscle strength.
  • Improve fine motor skills if they are impaired.
  • To teach energy saving techniques for activities of daily living.
  • Optimize aerobic capacity and endurance.
  • Monitor and evaluate swallowing function regularly.
  • Implement exercises and strategies to prevent swallowing difficulties.
  • Addressing pelvic floor dysfunction.
  • Implement incontinence management strategies, if necessary.

multiple sclerosis

TrainFES methodology for MS management

The rehabilitation goals will vary according to the needs and capabilities of each patient, so the therapy must be personalized and adapted according to the evolution of the disease and the specific symptoms.

To support this process, TrainFES has the technology of functional electrostimulation in conjunction with a methodology of constant trainingwith the objective of the progression of multiple sclerosis symptoms. of multiple sclerosis.

Neurorehabilitation treatment includes professionals in physiatry, kinesiology, occupational therapy, speech therapy, psychological counseling and other personalized approaches according to the patient's needs, to develop a comprehensive treatment plan. comprehensive treatment plan.

Some of the benefits of the FES technique for the management of multiple sclerosis symptoms include:

  • Improved mobility and gaitby stimulating the muscles that control leg movement, it can improve mobility and gait in people with muscle weakness, spasticity or coordination problems.
  • Reduces spasticitycan help reduce stiffness, helping to relax spastic muscles and improve their range of motion.
  • Muscle strengtheningcan be used to strengthen muscles by causing repeated, controlled contractions that improve muscle strength and endurance.
  • Prevention of muscular atrophyin people who have difficulty moving or performing physical exercise can keep muscles active, maintain keep muscles active, preventing loss of mass and helping to maintain function.
  • Pain relief: Can help by blocking pain signals sent to the brain and stimulating the release of endorphins, which are natural chemicals in the body that act as painkillers.
  • Improves circulation and cardiovascular function. 

 

"I am in better spirits, because I see achievements."

Catalina Diaz Bari was diagnosed with multiple sclerosis when she was 25 years old and from then on she always looked for a way to rehabilitate herself and stop relapses. That is why she came to TrainFES in September 2022 to start a new process.

The therapy with functional electrostimulationcomplemented with a methodology of functional training and therapeutic continuity, managed to contain his pathologyand mobility, and avoid relapses.

"I am in better spirits, because I see achievements. I'm starting to walk better, with one leg in front of the other, now I can do it," Catalina says.

The progression of multiple sclerosis is progressive, so exercise and therapeutic continuity are essential to avoid triggering new outbreaks. 

With the neurorehabilitation of TrainFESpatients with this condition can maintain muscle mass, decrease limb stiffness and increase their independence in daily activities.

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